Xu W (1), Lv K (1), Huang Y (1), Wen Q (1), Pan M (1), Huang P (1)
(1) Dept of Ultrasound, Second Affiliated Hosp of Zhejiang Univ, School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc
This study aimed to describe the characteristics of superficial desmoid fibromatosis (DF) using two-dimensional and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography, intending to improve diagnostic accuracy. We retrospectively analyzed 19 cases of superficial DF confirmed by surgery or core-needle biopsy in our hospital from January 2018 to August 2020. All patients underwent two-dimensional and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) examination. Nineteen patients included 15 women and 4 men, with an average age of 33.37Ã±12.13 years old. The mean size of lesions was 4.78Ã±1.99 cm. On ultrasound, all lesions presented as solitary heterogeneous hypoechoic masses; 13 presented with ill-defined margins. Ten lesions (52.63%) presented with fusiform shapes, and 11 lesions (57.89%) presented with the "fascial tail" sign. CEUS suggested the tumors were hyperenhanced, with an enhanced pattern of rapid wash-in and slow wash-out. Four lesions (21.05%) showed an enlarged scope in the CEUS image compared with the grayscale ultrasound image. In conclusion, an ill-defined heterogeneous hyperechoic appearance with fusiform-shaped and "fascial tail" signs on US and heterogeneous hyperenhancement with an enlarged scope on CEUS are valuable clues in the diagnosis and treatment of superficial DF.