(1)Dept of Plastic Surgery, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
Plast Reconstr Surg
A retrospective review was performed for 135 patients who underwent oncological chest wall resection during 1997-2015. Indications for resection were: advanced breast cancer n=44, soft tissue sarcoma n=38, bone or chondrosarcoma n=28, desmoid tumour n=11, metastasis from other cancers n=7, and other primary tumours n=7. There were 72 full-thickness and 63 partial-thickness resections (34 soft tissue resections only and 29 skeletal bone resections only). Resection margins were wide n=29, marginal n=82 and intralesional n=24. Reconstruction was warranted in 118 cases: chest wall stabilization and flap coverage n=57, chest wall stabilization only n=36 and soft tissue flap coverage only n=25. In total, 82 flaps were performed (17 free flaps and 65 pedicled/local flaps). There were no perioperative mortalities nor flap losses. One-year, 2-year and 5-year survival rates were 84%, 82% and 70%, respectively. With careful patient selection, appropriate peri- and postoperative care and accurate surgical technique, even extensive chest wall resections and reconstructions are safe.