(1)Dept of Pathology, Central Clinical Hospital of the MSWiA, Warsaw, Poland. (2)Dept of Pathology, Jan Kochanowski Univ, Kielce, Poland.
Visceral fibromatosis and superficial fibromatosis are histologically similar. They both have alterations in the WNT signalling pathway, but mutations in the APC or beta-catenin gene do not occur in superficial fibromatoses. We present four cases of deep fibromatosis and one case of Peyronie's disease, along with immunohistochemical staining analysis and the criteria for differential diagnosis. All patients were hospitalised in the Central Clinical Hospital of the MSWiA in Warsaw during the period of 2012-2015. Surgical specimens were examined, and tissue samples were embedded in paraffin blocks. As the result of the study we present a short algorithm of immunostainings that can be useful in differential diagnosis. When a spindle cell tumour is encountered in the abdomen a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) should always be excluded; therefore, a CD117 staining is recommended as the first step. When the staining is negative, fibromatosis can be taken into consideration. Beta-Catenin staining should be done in order to confirm that diagnosis. The diagnosis of fibromatosis is not always simple; GISTs can easily be mistaken for it. Immunohistochemical staining with CD34 and CD117 antibodies are useful in differential diagnosis. DTF should present negative stainings for S100, CD34, CD99, and bcl-2, which can help to distinguish it from other mesenchymal tumours.